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Parkdale Pet Foods

Nutrition for Happy Tails: Parkdale Pet Foods

Rabbit Food and Nutrition Guide for Pet Owners


Sep 4, 2023


As a responsible pet owner, ensuring your rabbit receives the right nutrition is crucial for their health and well-being. Rabbits are herbivores with specific dietary needs, and providing them with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential to keep them happy and thriving. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the fundamentals of rabbit nutrition, covering what to feed your bunny, how to do it, and what to avoid.

The Basics of Rabbit Nutrition

Hay: The Foundation of the Diet

Hay is the cornerstone of a rabbit’s diet. It should make up the majority of their food intake. High-quality grass hay, such as Timothy, Orchard, or Bermuda grass hay, is an excellent choice. Hay provides essential fiber, which aids in digestion and keeps your rabbit’s teeth healthy. Always ensure your rabbit has a constant supply of fresh hay.

Fresh Vegetables: A Vital Component

In addition to hay, fresh vegetables are essential to a rabbit’s diet. These provide vitamins, minerals, and hydration. Some suitable options include:

  • Leafy Greens: Such as romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach.
  • Carrots: A favorite treat for many rabbits, but feed them in moderation due to their sugar content.
  • Bell Peppers: Rich in vitamin C and a crunchy delight for your bunny.
  • Broccoli: A nutritious choice, but don’t overdo it, as it can cause gas in some rabbits.

Remember to introduce new vegetables gradually to avoid upsetting your rabbit’s digestive system.

Pellets: Use Sparingly

Commercial rabbit pellets are available but should be given in moderation. Pellets can be a convenient way to ensure your rabbit gets essential nutrients, but they should make up only a small portion of their diet. Opt for high-fiber pellets specifically designed for rabbits, and follow the recommended serving size based on your rabbit’s size and age.

Water: Hydration is Key

Fresh, clean water is crucial for your rabbit’s health. Make sure your bunny always has access to clean water in a sipper bottle or a heavy, spill-proof bowl. Change the water daily to prevent contamination.

What to Avoid

Sugary and Starchy Foods

Rabbits have sensitive digestive systems, so it’s important to avoid sugary and starchy foods like candy, bread, and sugary fruits. These can upset their delicate balance and lead to health issues.

Iceberg Lettuce

While many greens are good for rabbits, iceberg lettuce is an exception. It has a high water content and lacks the necessary nutrients. Opt for more nutritious leafy greens instead.

Cabbage and Cauliflower

These vegetables can cause gas and digestive discomfort in rabbits. It’s best to avoid them or offer them in small quantities.


Proper nutrition is vital to keep your pet rabbit healthy and happy. Remember to provide a diet rich in hay, fresh vegetables, and a small portion of pellets. Ensure access to clean water at all times and avoid foods that can be harmful to your rabbit’s delicate digestive system. By following this guide, you’ll be on your way to providing your furry friend with the best possible nutrition for a long and joyful life together.

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